Food and Its Impact on Type2 Diabetes

diabetes-Obesity is a challenging problem in modern world especially in developing countries. Obese people are vulnerable to different health conditions including for instance heart disease and type2 diabetes. The more weight you gain, the more risky it becomes to increase blood sugar levels in the body.

It’s known that nutrition has a direct effect on one’s weight. When the calories you consume in your food and drinks are over than what your body needs, you start gaining weight. But gaining more weight makes you at risk of type2 diabetes. So, what type of food that raises the chances to becoming obese and help body improve the disease?

A recently published study led by researchers from Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Women’s University, Mumbai, India has investigated the impact of certain types of food on weight gaining and metabolic response.

In order to “classify food according to their hyperglycemic quality, glycemic response to equi-quantity of commonly consumed carbohydrate,” researchers compared rich foods including “biscuit, Chapatti, Puffed rice, Potato, and least for Rice…with that of white bread (reference) in healthy volunteers.” Then “the Blood glucose response to 100g of the test foods were compared with an equal quantity of standard food—White bread.”

To have an idea of the glycemic response, it is response to a food or meal is the effect that food or meal has on blood sugar (glucose) levels after consumption.

Researchers made significant notices. They noted that 100g of rice “would be expected to induce a higher glycemic response, but its response is equivalent to that induced by 20g bread only; much lower than that of biscuit and chapatti”.

Also, they noted that “100g Marie biscuit induced significantly higher glycemic response than the same amount of bread (p<0.01), rice (p<0.01), puffed rice (p<0.01) and potato (p<0.01).” Researchers stated that “weight ratio such as biscuit and puffed rice, have light and porous nature and are generally consumed in lesser quantities at one time. But most often, doctors and nutritionist encourage the consumption of these snacks to patients for their apparent lightness.”

For chapatti which is “prepared from whole wheat flour has been given preference over white rice” researchers noted “that the predicted glycemic response to regular serving size of chapatti (30g) is much higher than that of rice”.

On the light of this study’ results, there are certain foods that can increase the risk of improving diabetes than others. Healthy foods especially those rich vitamins are important in reducing susceptibility to improving type2 diabetes.

A study which is published in Journal of Research in Diabetes found that “deficient levels of vitamin D may predispose euglycemic person for diabetes and dyslipidemia. Vitamin D supplements in euglycemic individuals may play an important role in reducing the risk.”

What you eat has a direct impact on your health including sugar levels in blood, something that can affect your improvement of diabetes. The type of food you eat is important, but also the amount matters. For a healthy living, one should consider what he consumes including quantity and quality.

 

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